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Foresta Umbra

The component part represents one of the most significant refuge areas of the beech. It is located on the Gargano Promontory, the “spur” of the Italian “boot”. In the gently undulating uplands on limestone, under the direct influence of the Mediterranean Sea, the unique ancient beech forest, rich in epiphytes and orchids, is a hotspot of biological diversity. The beech here is of low growth and reaches an age of 350 years. The European hornbeam is a constant companion. Interspersed are yew and holly as well as manna ash and holm oak.


  • UNESCO recognition: 2017
  • Protected area: Gargano National Park
  • Beech forest region: Central Mediterranean
  • Area: 182.23 ha
  • Number of component parts: 1
  • Altitudinal range: colline (666 – 804 m above sea level)
  • Fauna: Wolf, European wildcat, Garden dormouse, Eagle owl, Middle spotted woodpecker, Four-lined snake
  • Epiphyte garden on a downed dead yew tree © Di Filippo Alfredo
  • Falascone State Natural Reserve © Piovesan Gianluca
  • Beech and Holly © Piovesan Gianluca
  • © Strizzi Carmela

Ente Parco Nazionale del Gargano
Via Sant’Antonio Abate, 121 - 71037 Monte Sant'Angelo (FG) Italy
Tel: +39 0884/568911
Certified mail: protocollo(at)

Parco Nazionale del Gargano

World Heritage Beech Forests in Italy